A unanimous judgement has been made which states that adopting the same state pension for men and women is lawful in the UK.
The lawyers representing women made an appeal on Tuesday for an increase in the age at which women born in the UK in the 1950s are eligible to receive their state pension. They argued that women were indirectly discriminated against compared with men aged between 60 and 65.
They highlighted that the lack of state pension for those aged between 60 and 65 negatively impacts women more than men. A larger percentage of women in this age group rely on the state of pension to pay for basic living costs than men.
However, the Master of the Rolls, Sir Terrance Etherton, Lord Justice Underhill and Lady Justice Rose stated that adopting the same state pension age for men and women was lawful.
The judges said: “There is no basis for impugning the [high court’s] conclusion that the legislation equalising and then raising the state pension age was justified. The [high court was] right to approach the issue on the basis that this legislation operates in a field of macro-economic policy where the decision-making power of parliament is very great.”
The state pensions had been introduced in 1909 with the same eligibility age for men and women. It was then reduced for women in 1940 from 65 to 60. Further changes were made in 1995 and the entitlement age for everyone had been raised to 66, 67 or 68 depending on their date of birth.
Despite all efforts made by campaigners and lawyers representing women, the court has ruled that everyone in the UK will get the same state pension despite their gender.